Nearsightedness, or myopia, is a vision condition in which near objects are seen clearly, but distant objects do not come into proper focus. It is a very common condition that affects nearly 30 percent of the Canadian population. It normally occurs in school age children, before the individual reaches the age of 20.


Why does myopia occur?

When your eyeball is too long or the cornea has too much curvature, light entering the eye is not focused properly on the retina – the sensory layer – inside the eye. Myopia may be hereditary or it may occur spontaneously.

Will I have to wear glasses or contact lenses?

You may need to wear glasses part-time or full-time to enable you to see more clearly. Eyeglasses, contact lenses, or laser vision correction optically correct the problem by altering the way light enters your eye, but they do not cure nearsightedness. At present, there are no proven cures for nearsightedness.

How is myopia diagnosed?

People with myopia will often have trouble seeing the whiteboard, the movie screen, the television set or other distant objects. When you come into eyeDOCS for your comprehensive eye examination, your optometrist will include tests to determine if there is a prescription for myopia.

How will myopia affect my lifestyle?

If glasses or contact lenses are prescribed, it may take up to two weeks to adjust to seeing clearly with them. During this adjustment time you may experience eye fatigue and headaches.

Some people with myopia may find that they are restricted from some occupations (for example, police officers or firefighters), due to their inability to see properly if their glasses fall off. In these cases, laser surgery may be useful.

Contact lenses are very helpful for correcting nearsightedness and are ideal for people with more active lifestyles. Furthermore, eyeDOCS is capable of fitting prescription lenses into all kinds of specialty eye wear including swim goggles, sunglasses, sports eye wear and protective eye wear.